Mound 16

Cone shaped mounds located in Namibia.

These mounds are generally topped with a single, slightly leaning spire.

Species

  • Macrotermes michaelseni

Shape Classes

  • Cone

Location

GPS
20° 6' S, 16° 8' 60" E
Elevation
1330m
Conditions
Savannah
Köppen Class
BSh

Climate

50C°

Warmest Month:33.4C°

Mean Temperature:21.4C°

Coldest Month:6.2C°

0C°

On average, 450mm of rain fall here each year, with 266mm (or 59.11%) of that falling during this locations' wettest quarter.

Local Soil

The local soil includes petric calcisols.
LocationSand [%]Silt [%]Clay [%]
1522524
ISRIC – World Soil Information, 2013. Soil property maps of Africa at 1 km. Available for download at www.isric.org.

Additional Notes

The spire is theorized to be erected at an angle corresponding to the sun's zenith angle, likely to reduce the area of the mound facing the sun for temperature control.

Sources

Turner, J. S. (2001). "On the mound of Macrotermes michaelseni as an organ of respiratory gas exchange." Physiological and biochemical zoology : PBZ, 74(6), 798-822.

ISRIC – World Soil Information, 2013. Soil property maps of Africa at 1 km. Available for download at www.isric.org.

Hijmans, R.J., S.E. Cameron, J.L. Parra, P.G. Jones and A. Jarvis, 2005. Very high resolution interpolated climate surfaces for global land areas. International Journal of Climatology 25: 1965-1978.

Peel MC, Finlayson BL & McMahon TA (2007), Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 1633-1644.

Photo Source: Photo Credit: Frantisek Staud http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/07/140731-termites-mounds-insects-entomology-science/