Cone shaped mounds located in Namibia.
These mounds are generally topped with a single, slightly leaning spire.
- Macrotermes michaelseni
- 20° 6' S, 16° 8' 60" E
- Köppen Class
On average, 450mm of rain fall here each year, with 266mm (or 59.11%) of that falling during this locations' wettest quarter.
Local SoilThe local soil includes petric calcisols.
|Location||Sand [%]||Silt [%]||Clay [%]|
The spire is theorized to be erected at an angle corresponding to the sun's zenith angle, likely to reduce the area of the mound facing the sun for temperature control.
Turner, J. S. (2001). "On the mound of Macrotermes michaelseni as an organ of respiratory gas exchange." Physiological and biochemical zoology : PBZ, 74(6), 798-822.
ISRIC – World Soil Information, 2013. Soil property maps of Africa at 1 km. Available for download at www.isric.org.
Hijmans, R.J., S.E. Cameron, J.L. Parra, P.G. Jones and A. Jarvis, 2005. Very high resolution interpolated climate surfaces for global land areas. International Journal of Climatology 25: 1965-1978.
Peel MC, Finlayson BL & McMahon TA (2007), Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 1633-1644.
Photo Source: Photo Credit: Frantisek Staud http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/07/140731-termites-mounds-insects-entomology-science/