Mound 54

Dome shaped mounds located in Ethiopia.

Height: 2m, Diameter: 1.5m

Shape Classes

  • Dome

Location

GPS
12° 1' 60" N, 36° 8' 60" E
Elevation
1600m
Conditions
Woodland
Köppen Class
Aw

Climate

50C°

Warmest Month:38.2C°

Mean Temperature:26.5C°

Coldest Month:16.6C°

0C°

On average, 1150mm of rain fall here each year, with 784mm (or 68.17%) of that falling during this locations' wettest quarter.

Local Soil

The local soil is composed of nitisols.
LocationSand [%]Silt [%]Clay [%]
1381547
ISRIC – World Soil Information, 2013. Soil property maps of Africa at 1 km. Available for download at www.isric.org.

Additional Notes

In this region fractured basaltic dykes are common geological features. The termite mounds are typically found on them specifically, likely because the fractured stone serves as an aquifer for the termites.

Sources

Mege, D., and Rango, T. (2010). "Permanent groundwater storage in basaltic dyke fractures and termite mound viability." Journal of African Earth Sciences, 57(1-2), 127-142.

ISRIC – World Soil Information, 2013. Soil property maps of Africa at 1 km. Available for download at www.isric.org.

Hijmans, R.J., S.E. Cameron, J.L. Parra, P.G. Jones and A. Jarvis, 2005. Very high resolution interpolated climate surfaces for global land areas. International Journal of Climatology 25: 1965-1978.

Peel MC, Finlayson BL & McMahon TA (2007), Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 1633-1644.

Photo Source: Mege, D., and Rango, T. (2010). "Permanent groundwater storage in basaltic dyke fractures and termite mound viability." Journal of African Earth Sciences, 57(1-2), 127-142.